Google Sheets is not just a powerful tool for data analysis and reporting; it's also designed for collaboration, allowing multiple users to work on a spreadsheet in real-time. This tutorial will cover how to share templates, set permissions, and utilize features that enable effective collaboration in Google Sheets. We'll use an example project management template to illustrate these aspects.


  • Understand how to share Google Sheets templates with others.
  • Learn to set and manage permissions for collaborative work.
  • Discover best practices for real-time collaboration in Google Sheets.


  • A Google account.
  • Basic familiarity with Google Sheets.

Materials Needed

  • A computer with internet access.
  • A Google Sheets document (e.g., a project management template).

Step-by-Step Instructions

Example Spreadsheet Data

Imagine you have a project management template in Google Sheets that tracks tasks, assignees, deadlines, and statuses. Your spreadsheet might look something like this:

Task Assignee Deadline Status
Market Analysis Alex 2024-03-01 In Progress
Product Design Maria 2024-03-15 Pending
Website Development John 2024-04-01 Completed

Step 1: Sharing Your Google Sheets Template

  1. Open Your Spreadsheet: Navigate to the Google Sheets document you wish to share.
  2. Click the Share Button: Located in the top right corner of the screen.
  3. Enter Email Addresses: Type the email addresses of the people you want to share the document with. Alternatively, click "Get shareable link" to copy a link that you can distribute.
  4. Set Permissions: Choose whether collaborators can edit, comment on, or only view the document.

Step 2: Setting Permissions for Collaborators

  1. Advanced Sharing Settings: For more control, click on the "Advanced" button in the sharing dialog.
  2. Manage Permissions: Here, you can set permissions for individual users or the link itself, including preventing editors from changing access and adding new people.
  3. Link Sharing Options: Decide if your link will be accessible to anyone with the link (public) or restricted to specific users.

Step 3: Collaborating in Real-Time

  1. Viewing Collaborators: See who is currently viewing or editing the spreadsheet by looking at the avatars in the top right corner.
  2. Real-Time Editing: Edits made by any user are instantly visible to all viewers, facilitating real-time collaboration.
  3. Using Comments: Add comments to specific cells for feedback or questions. Right-click a cell and select "Comment". Mention a collaborator by typing "@" followed by their name.
  4. Chat Feature: If multiple collaborators are working simultaneously, use the built-in chat feature (click the chat icon in the top-right corner) to communicate in real-time.

Step 4: Version History and Restoring Previous Versions

  1. Access Version History: Go to File > Version history > See version history to view all changes made to the document, organized by date and contributor.
  2. Restore Previous Versions: Click on a version to preview it. If you need to revert to that version, click "Restore this version".

Tips and Tricks

  • Use Protected Ranges: To prevent accidental edits, use the "Protect range" option under Data > Protected sheets and ranges. You can specify who can edit these ranges.
  • Suggesting Mode: Encourage collaborators to use "Suggesting" mode (via the Editing dropdown menu) for changes, allowing you to review and accept or reject edits.
  • Notification Rules: Set up email notifications for changes to the spreadsheet via Tools > Notification rules.


The collaborative features of Google Sheets transform it from a personal tool into a dynamic platform for teamwork. By sharing templates, setting appropriate permissions, and utilizing real-time collaboration tools, teams can work together more efficiently and effectively, no matter where they are located.

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